Forex Chart Patterns – A Complete Guide

In Forex Market, the chart pattern plays a big role to predict the future movement of the market in an easy way.

One of the main parts of Technical analysis is Chart Patterns. It is an easy trading skill if you practice more with different market charts. Become Professional trader using the below technical chart patterns.

What are Chart Patterns?

The set of shapes like Triangle shape, Rectangle shape, Dual top, Dual Bottom, and many other shapes formed in the price charts is known as chart patterns.

All Chart Patterns in forex trading

A Chart Pattern shapes are printed on all the market charts at any time. Traders keep watching the price chart to find the patterns. Once the trader found a pattern, then it will give the signal on where the price is going to move next?

Identifying the pattern shapes in the chart is very easy by using simple tools such as horizontal lines, trend lines, Equidistant Channel lines, etc. Let’s see different types of chart patterns.

Different Types of Forex Chart Patterns

Forex Trading patterns are divided into 3 types depending on the market trend such as uptrend, downtrend, Neutral trend(Ranging).

1) Continuation Chart Patterns

2) Reversal Chart Patterns

3) Neutral Chart Patterns

Continuation Chart Patterns

Continuation chart pattern appears when the market is moving in an Uptrend or Downtrend. You can spot this pattern during the price correction or retracement happening in a trending market.

For example: If the market is moving in an Uptrend, then it stops at some price and starts to move down which is against the trend. During this time, you can identify the continuation chart patterns.

Most popular continuation pattern charts are Pennants, Rectangles and Corrective Wedges.

Pennants

Pennants shape formed in the chart during the strong trend. The market takes a small break during the trend and it forms a pennant pattern in the chart.

pennant in trading

Pennant looks like the shape of the symmetrical triangle, as both triangle and pennant are bound by trendline support and resistance lines. The difference is that pennant appears during the trend, but triangles can be formed during both trends and general consolidation periods.

Pennants could be bearish or bullish depending on the trend direction. When a pennant occurs during a trend, it has the potential to push the price in the direction of the overall trend.

How to trade pennants?

Wait for a breakout of the Pennant pattern to enter into the trade.

Bullish penant take profit target Bearish rectangle take profit target

 

If the pennant is formed, the minimum take profit target should be the number of pips moved in the first wave of the pennant as shown in the chart picture.

After a breakout, the distance of the first wave inside the pennant should be your minimum take profit target.

Flag Pattern

Flag pattern is similar to pennant pattern. Whatever rules applied in pennant chart pattern applies to flag pattern too.

flag pattern in trading

Flag charting patterns can be formed during the retracement of the trend.

The only difference between flag and pennant is, Flag looks like a small channel (parallel lines) in a trend.

Rectangle Chart Pattern

Rectangle shape formed in the chart when the market is moving up and down between horizontal support and resistance levels. The market takes a long break from the trend move and it keeps moving up and down between the certain price level.

Rectangle chart pattern in trading

During a trend, when the price starts moving sideways forming a rectangle, another trending move is likely to occur once price eventually breaks out of the rectangle formation. This move is likely to be at least as big as the size of the rectangle. Rectangles could be bearish or bullish depending on the trend direction.

How to trade Rectangle?

You can take short term trades in the Rectangle pattern. If the market reaches the bottom support of the rectangle, you can place buy trade. If the market reaches the Top of the resistance, you can place a sell trade.

Bullish Rectangle take profit target

Wait for a breakout of the Rectangle pattern to enter into the trade.

Bearish rectangle take profit target

Note: Always keep placing the trade depend on the trend. Example: If the market moving in an Uptrend, place only sell trade after breakout confirmed at the Bottom Support of the Rectangle.

How to confirm the breakout in trading? check here.

After a breakout, the distance of the first wave inside the rectangle should be your minimum take profit target.

Wedge Chart Pattern

When the market forms higher highs and higher lows in a narrow path, it is known as a rising wedge. A rising wedge will form either in uptrend or downtrend.

Rising wedge pattern in trading

When the Market forms Lower highs and Lower Lows in a narrow path, it is known as a falling wedge. A falling wedge will form either in uptrend or downtrend.

Falling Wedge pattern in trading

Wedge Pattern forms during both trend continuation and at the Trend Reversal.

Trend Continuation Wedge is called Corrective Wedge Pattern.

Trend Reversal Wedge is called Reversal Wedge Pattern.

How to identify Corrective or Reversal Wedge?

Corrective Wedge pattern is a correction that happened during the trend which forms a Wedge Shape in the Chart.

Reversal Wedge pattern is similar to Corrective Wedge, the only difference is Market will start to reverse after forming the wedge. Whereas In Corrective Wedge, the market starts to continue the trend.

We may not know whether the wedge is corrective or reversal until it breakout from that wedge Pattern.

If the breakout happened in the trend direction, Then we can confirm it as Corrective Wedge.

If the breakout happened against the trend, it means market starts to reverse. Then we can confirm it as a Reversal Wedge.

How to trade Wedges?

You can take short term trades inside the Wedge pattern at highs and lows of the Wedge. If the market reaches the bottom of the Wedge, you can place buy trade. If the market reaches the top of the wedge, you can place a sell trade.

Rising wedge pattern take profit target

Wait for a breakout of the Wedge pattern to enter into the Long term trade. Stop-loss should be placed near to highs and lows.

Bonus: Wedge Pattern will breakout mostly at the 4th Touch of the Higher High or Higher Low. Let’s look out this falling wedge Chart.

Falling wedge pattern take profit target

 

I hope you are very clear now on how to trade the wedge pattern. If you have any questions, please click here to ask now.

Reversal Chart Patterns

Double Top Pattern

It is a reversal pattern in an Uptrend, where market creates exactly two tops on the same price level.

Double Top pattern

There are 2 types of Double top

1) Traditional Double Top

If each top gap is within 9 months, then it is called “Traditional Double Top”.

2) Cyclic Double Top

If each top gap is more than 9 months, then it is called as “Cyclic Double ToP”.

Double Bottom Pattern

It is a reversal pattern in a Downtrend, where market creates exactly two bottoms on the same price level.

double bottom pattern 

There are 2 types of Double bottom

1) Traditional Double Bottom

If each bottom gap is within 9 months, then it is called “Traditional Double Bottom”.

2) Cyclic Double Bottom

If each bottom gap is more than 9 months, then it is called as “Cyclic Double Bottom”.

How to Trade Double Top?

If you saw a double top in the chart, wait for the confirmation of breakout at the recent low level.

After breakout confirms at the recent low level, You can enter into the trade.

Double Top take profit target

The Minimum Double Top Target should be the same as the distance of the previous high to low as shown in the image

How to Trade Double Bottom?

If you saw a double bottom in the chart, wait for the confirmation of breakout at the recent high level.

After breakout confirms at the recent high level, You can enter into the trade.

Double bottom take profit target price

The Minimum Double Bottom Target should be the same as the distance(size) of the previous Low to high as shown in the image.

Triple Top and Triple Bottom Patterns

Triple Tops and Triple Bottoms are same as Double tops and Double Bottoms. The only difference is additionally extra one top or bottom formed in the chart.

 Triple top pattern in trading

1) Traditional Triple Top

If each Tops gap is within 9 months, then it is called “Traditional Triple Top”.

2) Cyclic Triple Top

If each Top gap is more than 9 months, then it is called as “Cyclic Triple Top”.

How to Trade Triple Top?

If you saw a Triple top in the chart, wait for the confirmation of breakout at the recent low level.

After breakout confirms at the recent low level, You can enter into the trade.

The Minimum Triple Top Target should be the same as the distance of the previous high to low as shown in the image

How to Trade Triple Bottom?

Triple bottom in forex trading

If you saw a Triple bottom in the chart, wait for the confirmation of breakout at the recent high level.

After breakout confirms at the recent high level, You can enter into the trade.

The Minimum Triple Bottom Target should be the same as the distance(size) of the previous Low to high, as shown in the image.

Head and Shoulders Pattern

Head and Shoulders Pattern is one of the Top Reliable chart patterns for technical analyst. It is a strong reversal pattern. If these patterns formed in the chart, Market definitely needs to reverse.

Head and Shoulders pattern in forex

If you look out the image, you can see the Middle Top looks like a Head and each side tops look like shoulders. It’s like a Human right?

This is the reason we call this Pattern as Head and Shoulder.

This head and Shoulder pattern is a Reversal Pattern in an Uptrend.

But how about the reversal of downtrend?

It is just opposite of the ordinary head and shoulder pattern.

If the Head and Shoulders formed in the chart in an Inverted shape, it is known as “Inverted Head and Shoulder”.

It looks like a person doing Yoga Ashtanga Headstand.

A girl doing yoga standing with her head

Inverse Head and Shoulders pattern in forex

If you found this inverted head and shoulders shape in the chart, it confirms the Reversal pattern in a Downtrend.

How to Trade Head and Shoulders Pattern?

If you saw a Head and Shoulders in the chart, wait for the confirmation of breakout at the recent low level (Neck level breakout).

Head and Shoulders take profit target

Head and shoulders neckline is used to confirm the reversal. If the head and shoulders neckline break, the reversal will be confirmed. After breakout confirms at the recent low level (neck level), You can enter into the trade. Let’s see the inverse head and shoulder chart.

Inverse Head and Shoulder Take profit target

The Minimum Head and Shoulder Take Profit Target should be the same as the distance(size) of the Head as shown in the image.

Triangle Pattern

Triangle shape formed in the chart when the market is making consolidation or correction.

The Triangle pattern takes a long time to break out, until that you can keep buying or selling inside the highs and lows of the triangle.

There are 4 types of Triangle

1) Ascending Triangle

2) Descending Triangle

3) Symmetrical Triangle

4) Expanding Triangle

Ascending Triangle

Ascending Triangle has Higher lows, Equal highs. Ascending Triangle is formed during the Uptrend or retracement in a downtrend.

Ascending triangle pattern in trading

Descending Triangle

Descending Triangle has Lower highs and Equal lows. Descending Triangle is formed during the downtrend or retracement in an Uptrend.

Descending Triangle pattern in trading

Neutral Chart Pattern

Symmetrical Triangle

Symmetrical Triangle has Lower highs and Higher Lows in a narrow path. Symmetrical triangles have two sides, which are approximately the same size and the same angle. This creates a technical force equivalency, which creates the neutral character of the formation. The image below shows how a symmetrical triangle appears:

Symmetrical Triangle pattern in forex

Expanding Triangle

Expanding Triangle is opposite of the Symmetrical Triangle. it has higher highs and Lower Lows.

Expanding Triangle in trading

How to Trade Triangle Pattern?

You can take short term trades inside the Triangle pattern. If the market reaches the bottom support of the Triangle line, you can place buy trade. If the market reaches the Top resistance of the Triangle, you can place the sell trade. Symmetrical Triangle Take profit Target

Symmetrical triangle target after bottom breakout

Wait for a breakout of the Triangle pattern to enter into the trade.

Let’s look out the Ascending Triangle and Descending Triangle take profit targets.

Ascending triangle take profit target Ascending Triangle Reversal pattern take profit target  Descending Triangle take profit target price

Descending Triangle Reversal take profit target

How to confirm the breakout in trading? check here.

After a breakout, the distance of the first wave inside the Triangle should be your minimum take profit target.

Are there any disadvantages when trading with chart patterns?

A girl think about disadvantages of chart patterns

Yes there’s some disadvantages of using chart patterns.

1) Watching too many chart patterns in the same market chart creates more confusion. It makes you think, whether you should trade this pattern or that pattern. For instance, if you found the triangles pattern and the rectangle pattern in the same forex chart, You may be confused when to enter and exit the trade.

2) Over drawing on the chart patterns drives you crazy while taking the decision to enter the trade. Stick with one-time frame first, don’t draw chart patterns more on all time frames, it gives you idea where the market is moving. But if you want to enter at good opportunity earlier at best trade setup, you need to look for higher time frame chart patterns first, next look for lower time frame chart patterns to confirm the reversal or breakout in the market.

3) Draw chart patterns only at major price levels, don’t focus on drawing patterns in minor or unimportant price levels.

4) Keep your chart clear while drawing the patterns, if you use indicator or other forex trading tools in the chart. your chart looks so messy and busy, it will not help you to pick the trade at the right opportunity instead it makes your mind tired and you may start to trade unconsciously.

5) Beware of fake breakouts while trading the chart patterns, don’t take any breakout trade unless the breakout is confirmed. Want to know, how to confirm the breakout or avoid fake breakout in trading? Click here to see the breakout examples.

6) There are more advantages when comparing to the dis-advantages of chart patterns. Trade forex chart pattern carefully as per the strategy on “How to trade chart patterns?” as explained above.

7) Chart patterns are not clear to draw using the candle charts when comparing to the line chart.

Conclusion

Forex Chart Patterns are used for technical analysis to predict the future movement of the market.

Chart patterns are divided into three types:

  • Continuation Chart Patterns
  • Reversal Chart Patterns
  • Neutral Chart patterns

The most popular trend continuation patterns chart are:

  • Flags
  • Pennants
  • Rectangles
  • Corrective Wedges

Continuation pattern in the charts

The most popular trend reversal chart patterns in forex are:

  • Double Top/Double Bottom
  • Triple Top/Triple Bottom
  • Head and Shoulder
  • Reversal Wedges
  • Ascending/Descending Triangle

Reversal pattern in the charts

One of the most popular neutral pattern charts is the Symmetrical Triangle. In Neutral chart patterns, the market may break either up or down. Catching the market after the confirmation of breakout gives you more profits with small risk.

Bilateral patterns in the chart

All these forex chart patterns are traded depend on the reversal price movements using reversal patterns and price breaks during the continuation chart pattern forex.

Forex Trading Technical Analysis got easier using the forex chart patterns. Trading chart patterns are easier to identify the future price movement. Whether it is continuation patterns or reversal patterns or neutral forex chart patterns, all types of forex trading chart patterns comes under the price action trading journey.

Price action trading is one of the most successful trading strategies in fx trading. The forex chart formations such as Triangle formations, Wedges form, rising wedge, falling wedge, price breaks in continuation pattern, head and shoulders chart formations, reversals pattern confirmation, price consolidation, double bottom chart pattern forms, Triple bottoms chart formation, Triangle formation is all noticed along with the candlestick patterns such as bullish engulfing candle price moves, bearish engulfing candle price move, Morning star, Evening star, pin bar, hanging man, Dojis, tweezers, hammer, spinning tops, three black crows, three white soldiers, shooting star are all the best candlestick patterns for all price action traders. The price trend shows price direction in forex patterns chart.

Whatever forex chart patterns display on your trading platform, Just find out which type of chart pattern it belongs to whether it is continuation pattern or reversal chart pattern or Neutral chart pattern. After finding the pattern type, you can trade between the demand and supply zone for short term entry and exits, if price breaks from the pattern, you can enter into long term trades.

The progress tracking of identifying the pattern and reviewing it often is very important to become a professional forex trader. Practice currency trading chart analysis well with demo account first,

Rising wedge, falling wedge, neckline of head and shoulders line, support and resistance trading opportunity point the traders with best trading signals setup in the chart.

Using chart pattern gives great browsing experience for exploring all currency pair charts such as EUR USD, GBP USD, USD JPY, XAU USD, etc. The perfect chart formation is visible only if you keep drawing the trendlines, horizontal support and resistance levels.

For low risk, high reward trading opportunity, the starting point of the price move and the price direction should be predicted using the trends and the necessary chart formation. The stop loss order should be smaller and tight to avoid excess loss in trading.

Check the stop level of the broker to see how much risk you can take with your leverage option on your trading account. Some brokers offer partner center with high IB commissions please beware of them. they are stop loss hunters due to high spread even in major currency pair like EUR USD, USDJPY, GBPUSD.

The stop-loss order line and the ask line should be enabled on your forex broker platform to know the spread and visible stop loss price.

Forex chart patter with reversal chart and price action strategies help you to trade important currency pairs such as EUR USD with small risk and high potential trading signal to make good profits.

The reversals and trend progress market creates heavy demand and momentum in the markets to bring big movements and insights into the forex charts.

FAQ

What is Cyclic Double Top?

If each top gap is more than 9 months, then it is called as “Cyclic Double Top”.

What is Cyclic Double Bottom?

If each bottom gap is more than 9 months, then it is called as “Cyclic Double Bottom”.

Which forex chart patterns are best to trade?

Rectangle, Trend line, Channel, pennant, flag, triangle, rising and falling wedge, head and shoulder are the most used forex chart patterns by professional traders world wide.

How to trade chart patterns in forex market?

First identify the patterns in the chart. If the market is inside the pattern, you can take short term trades, if the pattern shape got broken, then you can place a long term trades to catch big profits.